Chile is a thin, narrow and long strip of land with a coastline 4300 km long with an average width of 175 km. The Andes is the great mountain range dividing Chile with Argentina the eastern border and at times a formidable barrier of rock and ice. The 1000 km stretch of wasteland of Atacama desert separates Chile from Peru in the north. Santiago is the capital of Chile situated in the valley surrounded by the Andes and Chilean coast range mountains. Plaza De Armas a city founded in the 16th century having neoclassical landmarks and National History Museum, The Parque Metropolitano in Santiago offers swimming pools, a botanical garden and the zoo.